Most people dutifully pay taxes, vote and participate as a citizen in their country. However, some people, for various reasons, become dissatisfied with belonging to an existing country and decide to set up their own.
These new nation founders might consist of a family, a handful of people of similar political views or a group who share a way of life and want to start an intentional community. It’s not that hard to set up a micronation, or tiny country, although there are challenges, including finding money to buy land or an island somewhere.
The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States of 1933 set down the basic features that a country must have to declare itself an independent nation (population, territory and government). Beyond these factors, essential elements such as currency, taxation and legal systems, and the type of government your new micronation will have are important for other countries to take your new country seriously, but not mandatory.
Reports vary on how many micronations exist; this Google Map plots 80 of them. Although none are officially recognized as independent countries, the trend for breakaway micronations forming seems to be continuing. Here’s a roadmap of the steps needed to set up a new micronation.